Label: Universal - 544 540-2,HMV - 544 540-2,Spectrum Music - 544 540-2 • Series: Global Roots • Format: 2x, CD Compilation • Country: UK • Genre: Blues • Style: Chicago Blues, Rhythm & Blues
Chess Records was an American record company, founded in in Chicago and specializing in blues and rhythm and blues. Founded and run by two Jewish immigrant brothers from PolandLeonard and Phil Chessthe company produced and released many singles and albums regarded as central to the rock music music canon.
The musician and critic Cub Koda described Chess as "America's greatest blues Tell Me Who - Various - Global Roots: Chess Blues . Chess was based at several different locations on the south side of Chicago, initially at two different locations on South Cottage Grove Ave. Michigan Avenue from May  toimmortalized by the Rolling Stones in " South Michigan Avenue ", an instrumental recorded there during the group's first U.
おジャ魔女どれみナイショ - No.305 - 萌えるデモCD-R もえでも Rolling Stones recorded at Chess Studios on two more occasions.
The S. Michigan building was officially named Ter-Mar Studios but was commonly refereed to as Chess Studios. Leonard bought a stake in Aristocrat Records in In the same year, they brought in a third partner, Evelyn Aron, and renamed the company Chess Records. Many songs created by Chess artists were later covered by many famous rock-and-roll artists, including the Beatlesthe Rolling Stones, the Beach Boys and Eric Clapton.
Inthe brothers started Checker Records as an alternative label for radio play radio stations had a policy of only playing a limited number of records from any one imprint. In the mids, the Chess brothers received two doo-wop groups by Alan Tell Me Who - Various - Global Roots: Chess Blues the Tell Me Who - Various - Global Roots: Chess Blues and the Moonglows ; the former group was not very popular but the latter achieved several major crossover hits including " Sincerely ", which was inducted Este Último Encuentro - Deluxe - Reconstrucción the Grammy Hall of Fame in During the s, Leonard and Phil Chess handled most of the recording production themselves.
They brought in producer Ralph Bass in to handle the gospel output and some of the blues singers. Bassist and songwriter Willie Dixon was also heavily involved in organizing blues sessions for the label and is now credited retroactively as a producer on some re-releases.
InChess Records established a subsidiary label in the U. The subsidiary specialized in Psychedelic rock and was a joint venture with the Middle Earth Club in London. The Middle Earth label released only four albums and about a dozen singles before it closed in The company was briefly run by Marshall ChessLeonard's son, in his position as vice president between January and October and then as president following its acquisition by GRT, before he went on to found Rolling Stones Records.
In the s, Chess Records and its publishing arm, Arc Music, were successfully sued by Muddy Waters  and Willie Dixon  for nonpayment of royalties due to them. Tell Me Who - Various - Global Roots: Chess Blues Studios operated at the S. Michigan building until its closure in In the early s, noticing that much of the Chess catalogue was commercially unavailable, Marshall Chess was able to convince Joe and Sylvia Robinson, who ran All Platinum, to reissue the catalogue themselves under his supervision All Platinum had been licensing selected tracks to other companies, which ultimately resulted in the disappearance of some original master tapes.
In Julythe Universal Studios fire burned down a warehouse filled with Universal Music Group recording mastersincluding many albums and songs released by Chess. These masters, by artists such as Chuck Berry, Valley Of Tears - Various - Pops For America "priceless" and irreplaceable; while UMG claimed at the time it had copies, later reporting questioned this, with it emerging that the masters were destroyed.
Who Do You Love was directed by Tony Award winner Jerry Zaks and stars Alessandro Nivola playing Leonard Chess "as a complicated, driven man, hard on both his musicians and his family, yet with a real love for some of America's greatest music.
Chess Record's labels and logo showed much variation over the lifetime of the company. At about the time of LP, the company began to move away from the old label style, with the first step re-positioning "CHESS" across the top instead of down the left side, with a chess knight used as a crest.
After the use of a blue and silver crest label, an aqua and white "transition" label was used on LP, with the same design that would become the standard from latebut without the multicolor letters in the label name. The "CHESS" name was in block letters above the center hole with the top of the letters red, the middle white, and the bottom blue. A stylized chess knight horse logo appeared on the right side under the label name.
Shortly after the company was purchased by GRT, the label was changed to orange with black printing. The perimeter of the label was blue with a blue Non Arrossire - Giorgio Gaber - Questo & Quello running horizontally through the center hole and above the logo was a stylized horse head, from the chess knight piece.
Afterthe series was used exclusively for the Chess label; the Checker label switched to a series. GRT Corporation, which consolidated both the Chess and Cadet labels into a single labeling number sequence.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For records achieved in the game of chess, see List of world records in chess. Retrieved October 19, New York: St.
Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved October 15, New York Daily News. Retrieved June 25, Clemson, South Carolina : Clemson University. Retrieved March 12, Record Research. Recording Academy. Archived from the original on January 22, August Tell Me Who - Various - Global Roots: Chess Blues , Billboard : August 1, Retrieved December 31, Billboard Books.
December 8, Retrieved March 21, May 24, I Am the Blues. DaCapo Press. Refusal to Hear Charly Case". Billboard : 7.
The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, Retrieved November 6, All Platinum Records. Jamar Chess. Origins Spirituals Work songs American folk music Coon songs. Louis blues Texas blues West Coast blues.
Boogie-woogie Classic female blues Electric blues Fife and drum blues Hokum. Bluegrass Jazz Jug band Ragtime Rock and roll. Blues genres Blues musicians Blues musicians by genre Je Ne Ris - You Shriek - Unreal Cities standards Blues festivals.
Book Category Portal Blues songs. Chicago Landmark cultural venues. Field Museum of Natural History. Categories : Chess Records artists American record labels Blues record labels History of Chicago Jazz record labels Landmarks in Chicago Record labels established in Record labels disestablished in Rhythm and blues record labels Rock and roll record labels Soul music record labels.
Leonard Chess Phil Chess. Rock, Rock, Rock. After School Session. Chuck Berry. The Best of Muddy Waters. The Best of Little Walter. Dale Hawkins. The Moonglows. Bo Diddley. The Flamingos. Moanin' in the Moonlight. Chuck Berry Is on Top. Sonny Boy Williamson. John Lee Hooker. Benny Goodman. Gene Ammons. Bob Kames at the Organ. Muddy Waters Sings "Big Bill". Gene Ammons and Sonny Stitt. Moms Mabley.
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