Label: Kosinus Records - Kos 165 • Format: CD Album Digipack • Country: France • Genre: Electronic • Style: Ambient
The multiple-camera setupmultiple-camera mode of productionmulti-camera or simply multicam is a method of filmmaking and video production. Several cameras—either film or professional video cameras —are employed on the set and simultaneously record or broadcast a scene.
It is Surprising Camera (Loser Effect) - Various - Prime Time contrasted with single-camera setupwhich uses one camera. Generally, the two outer cameras shoot close-up shots or "crosses" of the two most active characters on the set at any given time, while the central camera or cameras shoot a wider master shot to capture the overall action and establish the geography of the room. In this way, multiple shots are obtained in a single take without having to start and stop the action.
This is more efficient for programs that are to be shown a short time after being shot as it reduces the time spent in film or video editing. It is also a To Meet Me - Various - 80s 90s Italian Dance - The Definitive Collection Vol.
04 necessity for regular, high-output shows like daily soap operas. Apart from saving editing time, scenes may be shot far more quickly as there is no need for re-lighting and the set-up of alternative camera angles for the scene to be shot again from the different angle.
It also reduces the complexity of tracking continuity issues that crop up when the scene is reshot from the different angles.
It is an essential part of live television. Drawbacks include a less optimized lighting which needs to provide a compromise for all camera angles and less flexibility in putting the necessary equipment on scene, such as microphone booms and lighting rigs.
These can be efficiently hidden from just one camera but can be more complicated to set up and their placement may be inferior in a multiple-camera setup.
Another drawback is in film usage—a four-camera setup may use depending on the cameras involved up to four times as much film or digital storage space per take, compared with a single-camera setup. While shooting, the director and assistant director create a line cut by instructing the technical director or vision mixer in UK terminology to switch between the feeds from the individual cameras.
In the case of sitcoms with studio audiencesthis line cut is typically displayed to them on studio monitors. The line cut might be refined later in editingas often the output from all cameras is recorded, both separately and as a combined reference display called the q split.
The camera currently being recorded to the line cut is indicated by a tally light controlled by a camera control unit CCU on the camera as a reference both for the actors and the camera operators. The use of multiple film cameras dates back to the development of narrative silent films, with the earliest or at least earliest known example being the first Russian feature film Defence of Sevastopolwritten and directed by Vasily Goncharov and Aleksandr Khanzhonkov.
Early sound was recorded onto wax discs that could not be edited. The use of multiple video cameras to cover a scene goes back to the earliest days of television; three cameras were used to broadcast The Queen's Messenger inthe first drama performed for television. Although it is often claimed that the multiple-camera setup was pioneered for television by Desi Arnaz and cinematographer Karl Freund on I Love Lucy inother filmed television shows had already used it, including the CBS comedy The Amos 'n Andy Showwhich was filmed at the Hal Roach Studios and was on the air four months earlier.
The technique was developed for television by Hollywood short-subject veteran Jerry Fairbanksassisted by producer-director Frank Telford, and first seen on the anthology series The Silver Theateranother CBS program, in February Actor Robin Williams could not stay on his marks due to his physically active improvisations during shooting, so Marshall had them add the fourth camera just to stay on Williams so they would have more than just the master shot of the actor.
The multiple-camera method gives the director less control over each shot but is faster and less expensive than a single-camera setup. In television, multiple-camera is commonly used for sports programs, news programs, soap operastalk showsgame showsand some sitcoms. Before the pre-filmed continuing series became the dominant dramatic form on American television, the earliest anthology programs see the Golden Age of Television utilized multiple camera methods.
Multiple cameras can take different shots of a live situation as the action unfolds chronologically and is suitable for shows which require a live audience.
For this reason, multiple camera productions can be filmed or taped much faster than single camera. Single camera productions are shot in takes and various setups with components of the action repeated several times and out of sequence; the action is not enacted chronologically so is unsuitable for viewing by a live audience. These did not have a live studio audience and by being shot single-camera, tightly edited sequences could be created, along with multiple locations, and visual effects such as magical appearances and disappearances.
Multiple-camera sitcoms were more simplified but When Youre Gone - Petula Clark - Destiny been compared to theatre work due to its similar set-up and use of theatre-experienced actors and crew members.
While the multiple-camera format dominated US sitcom production in the s and s, [ citation needed ] there has been a recent revival of the single-camera format with programs such as Malcolm in the Middle —Scrubs —Entourage —My Name Is Earl —Everybody Hates Chris —It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia —present30 Rock —Glee —Modern Family —presentThe Middle —Community —Parks and Recreation —Raising Hope —and Louie — Most films also use the single-camera Lovers Intuition - Various - Music From The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Tap Sometimes feature films will run multiple cameras, perhaps four or five, for large, expensive and difficult-to-repeat special effects shots, such as large explosions.
Again, this is not a true multicamera setup in the television sense as the resultant footage will not always be arranged sequentially in editing, and multiple shots of the Surprising Camera (Loser Effect) - Various - Prime Time explosion may be repeated in the final film—either for artistic effect or because the different shots can appear to the audience to be different explosions since they are taken from different angles.
The majority of British sitcoms and dramas from the s to the early s were made using a multi-camera format. However, as technology developed, some drama productions were mounted on location using multiple electronic cameras. Many all-action s programmes, such as The Sweeney and The Professionals were shot using the single camera method on 16mm film.
Meanwhile, by the early s the most highly-budgeted and prestigious television productions, like Brideshead Revisitedhad begun to use film exclusively. By the later s, soap operas were left as the only TV drama being made in the UK using multiple cameras. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Multi-cam. Method of film making and video production. Retrieved Richard G. Retrieved May 12, Grand Central Publishing.
The New York Times. The Independent. Cinematic techniques. Diegetic Non-diegetic Surprising Camera (Loser Effect) - Various - Prime Time Film score Sound effects. Special effects. Categories : Cinematic techniques. Hidden categories: CS1 Russian-language sources ru Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Wikipedia articles needing clarification from Various - Argentina - Color Y Musica Namespaces Article Talk.
Moon Duo - Mazes, Catch The Rainbow - Rainbow - The Ballads Of, Been So Long - The Pastels - Been So Long / So Far Away, Express Yourself (Claudio Bonaldi & Leonardo Roa Electro Mix) - Various - Electro House Makes You Mo, Βυζγιά - Sonata Antartika - Σονάτα Σε Τρολ Μινόρε
Read more posts about mp3