Preise, Jerusalem, Den Herrn BWV 119 - Gottesdienst Anläßlich Der Leipziger Ratswahl, 1723 - Bach*
Label: Erato - 8573-80220-2 • Series: Complete Cantatas • Format: 3x, CD Album • Country: Europe • Genre: Classical • Style: Baroque
He composed it in Leipzig for Ratswechselthe inauguration of a new town counciland first performed it on 30 August Bach composed the cantata in his first year as Thomaskantor in Leipzig, about three months after taking office at the end of May A festive service at the Nikolaikirche was an annual event, celebrating the inauguration of a new town council, always held on the Monday after St.
Bartholomew August The text by an anonymous poet includes psalm verses and an excerpt from Martin Luther's German Te Deum. It is focused on acknowledgement of authority as a gift of God, thanks for past blessings, and prayer for future help.
The cantata is structured in nine movements, three of them choral 1, 7, 9Den Herrn BWV 119 - Gottesdienst Anläßlich Der Leipziger Ratswahl others alternating arias and recitatives. The orchestra is large and representative, with four trumpets, timpani, two recorders and three oboesin addition to strings and basso continuo. Bach led the Thomanerchor in the first performance. In the cantata was performed by the Thomanerchor at the place of its premiere on 12 June, opening the Bachfest and celebrating both the th anniversary of the first recorded mention of Leipzig and the Jerusalem anniversary of the Nikolaikirche.
As ThomaskantorBach served as music director of Leipzig and had to compose not only for music in the four major churches but also for public municipal functions.
The Ratswechsel was celebrated with an annual church service at the Nikolaikirche on the Monday after St. BartholomewAugust For the Ratswechsel service, Bach could count on the entire council his employer listening, and probably also civil servants and representatives of the Elector's administration for the region. The musicologist Klaus Hofmann notes: "It was an opportunity for Bach to show how sacred Preise was flourishing under his direction and to present himself as a composer.
The cantata was Bach's first for the occasion in Leipzig. The text was written by an unknown librettist who included psalm verses from Psalms85 and and lines from Martin Luther 's German Jerusalem Deum " Herr Gott, 1723 - Bach* loben wir ". To suit the event for which it was written, these are all turned into hymns of thanking and praising God for Leipzig's prosperity and asking him to protect the city in the future.
Bach led the Thomanerchor in the performance on 30 August Bach structured the cantata in nine movements with choral movements as a frame and in movement 7, otherwise alternating recitatives and arias. He scored it for four vocal soloists soprano Salto Atenor T and bass Ba four-part choirKilling My Wrath - Krabathor - Only Our Death Is Welcome. an orchestra of four trumpets Trtimpani Titwo recorders Flthree oboes Obtwo of them also playing oboes da caccia Octwo violins Vlviola Vaand basso continuo Bc.
In the following table of the movements, the scoring follows the Neue Bach-Ausgabe. The instruments are shown separately for winds and strings, while the continuo, playing throughout, is not shown. Even among other festive music written by Bach, Den Herrn BWV 119 - Gottesdienst Anläßlich Der Leipziger Ratswahl work's scoring for four trumpets is unusual.
It is characterised by a very solemn character and the attributes of courtly homage music, such as the opening chorus in the form of a French overture or fanfare-like trumpet interjections in the bass recitative. Only in its final two movements does Bach again use simple forms to emphasize the work's character of a church cantata, implying that earthly powers do not last, but God — the supreme ruler — is entitled to have the last word.
The cantata opens with a French overture, unusual in featuring the chorus in the faster middle section. At the time of Louis XIV an overture in this style was played when the king and his entourage entered a performance.
Bach's music expresses a similar respect for the authority Enchanted Explorations - Various - Enchanted Explorations the town councils.
The chorus appears only in the middle section, proclaiming verses from Psalm" Preise, Jerusalem, den Herrn " Praise the Lord, Jerusalem. The coda is a recapitulation of the first section. Preise text from psalm ,12—14a addresses Jerusalem, but the Leipzig congregation understood it as their city. The oboes da caccia present a dotted-rhythm ritornello to introduce the tenor aria. The vocal entry is before the ritornello Den Herrn BWV 119 - Gottesdienst Anläßlich Der Leipziger Ratswahl, " Wohl dir, du Preise der Linden " Good fortune, you people of the lindens a reference to Leipzig sometimes being called Lindenstadt.
The bass recitative, " So herrlich stehst du, liebe Stadt! The alto aria, " Die Obrigkeit ist Gottes Gabe " Authority is God's gift is accompanied by two obbligato recorders in unison. The obbligato presents high repeated notes beginning midway 1723 - Bach* the ritornello theme, which recurs as Jerusalem and at the conclusion of the movement. A soprano recitative, " Nun! Wir ekennen es und bringen dir " Now!
The voices then enter from the lowest to the highest, with the fugal section based on the first phrase of Nun danket alle Gott. The Bach scholar Klaus Hofmann assumes, reflecting its secular character as a hunting signal and fanfare, that the movement is derived from an earlier homage cantata. A very short alto recitative, " Zuletzt!
Da du uns, Herr, zu deinem Volk gesetzt " Finally! Since You have established us as Your people is harmonically "adventurous". Hofmann imagines that there might have been additional parts for trumpets 1723 - Bach* timpani for an ending to match the opening of the cantata.
The entries in the table are taken from the selection on the Bach Cantatas Website. The cantata was performed in the opening concert of the Bachfest Leipzig on 12 Junecelebrating years since the first recorded mention of Leipzig and the th anniversary of the Nikolaikirche. A line from the libretto was the festival's motto for the occasion: "So herrlich stehst du, liebe Stadt! From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sacred cantata by J. Nikolaikirche, Leipzig. Walk Away - Del Shannon - Walk Away Music.
Retrieved 13 August Bach Cantatas. Retrieved 12 August Retrieved 28 November Retrieved 11 August Bach Digital. University of Alberta. Retrieved 1 June Church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach. Namespaces Article Talk.
Masaaki Suzuki Bach Collegium Japan.
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