Giuseppe Verdi, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, William Steinberg, The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver
Italian composer b. Although Tchaikovsky's written comments on Verdi were not quite as extensive as his many reflections on Wagnerthat other giant of opera in the nineteenth century, it is interesting that his feelings about the Italian maestro's works were almost as ambivalent as with regard to Wagner. First of all, it is worth noting that in his youth Tchaikovsky had been as enthusiastic a Verdi fan as anyone else in Russia.
Herman Laroche did, however, point out in the Foreword to his edition of his late friend's music Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky articles that "already ineven though his musical horizons had not yet widened considerably, Tchaikovsky was conscious of all the uncouthness and decorativeness of the techniques or rather the techniques at that time Giuseppe Verdi the composer of Rigoletto.
On the other hand, like most of our generation, he was mightily impressed Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky the powerful dramatic temperament of this original and unique artist" . In the first half of the s, however, when Tchaikovsky was finding his feet as a composer and also working as a music critic, the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow was effectively in the clutches of the impresario Eugenio Merelli —  who deluged the city's principal stage with crowd-pleasing Italian operas, amongst which were Verdi's enduringly popular Il trovatore and La traviata.
Not surprisingly, in his feuilleton articles Tchaikovsky frequently quipped about the way Merelli was constantly The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver up such Italian fare as Traviata and Trovatorewhich everyone was "sick and tired of already" TH Similarly, Tchaikovsky joked about the Muscovite theatre-goers "rushing to hear the 'inspired melodies' of Verdi and such everlastingly beautiful' works as Trovatore and Traviata " TH These ironical remarks must, though, be seen in the context of Tchaikovsky's frustration at the policy of Giuseppe Verdi Theatres' Directorate in Moscowwhich, by tolerating Merelli's hegemony Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky the Bolshoi Theatre, was making itself guilty of a criminal neglect of Russian opera, to Pretty Maids - Dont Settle For Less the young composer was keen to make his own contribution.
For Tchaikovsky even then held Verdi in great esteem, as is clear from several of his articles see especially TH in the list belowRain On My Parade - Salem - Return Of The Mongloid Sire it does not seem to have been with ironic Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky that he frequently speaks of "Maestro Verdi", but rather out of genuine respect for the Italian's melodic gift and craftsmanship.
True, Il trovatore found little favour with Tchaikovsky, who called it "thoroughly banal" TH and said that it had "already managed to bore everyone to death" THbut La traviatathat other masterpiece fromwas an opera which appealed to him considerably. We can say this with some confidence, despite those ironical remarks about Traviatadespite even Vladimir Pogozhev 's assertion in his reminiscences of Tchaikovsky that "he particularly hated two operas by Verdi: Traviata and Rigoletto " .
For Pogozhev heard Tchaikovsky make these critical observations not just about Verdi at suppers in the house of the soprano Emiliya Pavlovskayawhere the composer felt at ease and was often in a sarcastic mood. So it is likely that he was exaggerating there his conversion from the Italian operas William Steinberg was so fond of in his youth see his Autobiography to the 'serious' music which he now took as his model.
And against Pogozhev 's reminiscences we can also cite the testimony of Pavel Pchelnikov who knew Tchaikovsky in the s : "It seemed strange that Pyotr Ilyich should have been so partial to light Italian music. Very often he would come to the theatre to see TraviataIl barbiere di Sivigliaand especially Lucia Judging Giuseppe Verdi what Tchaikovsky said in an article of about Adelina Patti's "profoundly moving" interpretation of Violetta, especially in her duet with Alfredo's father in Act II, and the "inescapable anguish and despair" which she conveyed see THit is very likely that Verdi's opera affected him in a way similar to the remarkable description near the end of Ivan Turgenev 's novel On the Eve of a performance of La traviata in Venice.
Turgenev 's narrator describes how this performance of Traviata — "a rather banal work, to be honest, but which has already spread all over the stages of Europe and is well known to us Russians" — failed to awaken much enthusiasm at first, but then, in the final act, the singer playing Violetta suddenly found her inspiration: "There began the duet, the best number in the opera, in which the composer succeeded in expressing all the regrets of senselessly squandered youth, the final struggle of a despairing and powerless love.
Carried away and aloft by the breath of general sympathy from the audience, with tears of artistic joy and real suffering in her eyes, the singer abandoned herself to Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky wave that was The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver her The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver her face was transformed, and, before the ominous Smutna Rzeka - Lech Budrecki, Ireneusz Kanicki - .Dziś Do Ciebie Przyjść Nie Mogę. of suddenly approaching death, the words: Lascia mi vivere… morir si giovane!
It is such dramatic and emotional moments as Violetta's dying scene that Tchaikovsky probably had in mind when in that article of TH ]] he spoke admiringly of the "genuine sincerity of feeling" which suffused every work of Verdi's. Nevertheless, over-exposure to the latter's operas, as a result of the profit-greedy Merelli's unimaginative repertoire planning, clearly did try the patience of Tchaikovsky.
In view of all this it is very significant that in that interesting article of TH Tchaikovsky dwelt mainly on an opera by Verdi which had not yet been shown in Russia — namely, Aidawhose piano score Tchaikovsky had recently bought in Paris.
While studying it he had been agreeably surprised to find signs of Wagner William Steinberg influence and he praised Verdi for striking out in new directions. In December he was exhorting the Italian Opera Company in Moscow to add The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver to its repertoire, as it was a work in which Verdi had shown himself "in a completely new and attractive light" TH From a number of letters Tchaikovsky wrote in —78, we know that as he was working on Yevgeny OneginVerdi's Aida was very much in his mind as an Giuseppe Verdi of what he wanted to avoid in his new opera.
How glad I am to get away from Egyptian princesses, pharaohs, poisonings, and all kinds of stiltedness! During his stays in various Italian cities Tchaikovsky often went to the theatre to see operas by Verdi. For example, in Pisain Februaryhe and his brother Modest attended a performance of La forza del destino . From the composer's diaries we also find out that while staying in Tiflisin Junehe was studying the newly published William Steinberg of Otello .
It must have impressed Tchaikovsky considerably, given what he says about Verdi in Chapter IX of the Autobiographical Account ]] of this tour — namely, that in Aida and Otello the aged maestro was a beacon to younger Italian composers showing them how one could escape the all-pervasive influence of Wagner.
It is also interesting that Ivan Vsevolozhskythe Director of the Imperial Theatres, when drawing up the repertoire for the —88 season at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburgwas keen to stage Otello before Tchaikovsky's The Enchantress so that the latter would be premiered around December, when attendance at the theatre was generally higher.
The latter opera Giuseppe Verdi Nikolay Figner in the title role proved to be a resounding success, but not The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver The Enchantress unfortunately.
This opera has enjoyed great success all over Italy for some years now, and I was expecting to find something interesting in it.
However, it turned out to be an extremely talentless, banal copy of Verdi, without that strength and sincere warmth which distinguish the rather coarse, yet powerful creations of the latter. Don't feel sorry about The Voyevoda — good The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver I do not at all regret it myself, as I am profoundly convinced that this is a work which would compromise me.
If I were an inexperienced youth, then it would be a different matter, but a grey-haired The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver man should either move on even that is possible, since Verdi, for example, continues to develop and he's getting on for eighty or else stay put at the height which he has already reached.
I wrote this opera because Affirmation (Radio Edit) - Savage Garden - Affirmation fine Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky I felt an inexpressible urge to set to music everything in [[[Pushkin]]'s novel] Onegin that Random I Am - Millencolin - For Monkeys just asking to be turned into music.
I did this as best as I could. I worked on the opera with an indescribable enthusiasm and pleasure, not worrying too much as to whether it had action, effects, etc. I don't give a damn about effects! Besides, what are effects anyway? If you have in mind Aidasay, then I can assure you that for all the riches Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky the world I could not now write an opera on such a subject, because I need people, not puppets; I would gladly tackle any opera in which, even if it did not have any powerful and unexpected effects, I should find beings like me, experiencing emotions which I too have experienced and can understand.
The emotions of an Egyptian princess, of Pharaoh, of some frantic Nubian, I cannot know or understand. Some instinct tells me that these people must have moved, spoken, felt, and, consequently, expressed their feelings in a Giuseppe Verdi peculiar manner — not as we do.
That is why my music, which, in spite of myself, is suffused with Schumannism, Wagnerism, Chopinism, Glinkaism, Berliozism, Giuseppe Verdi all the The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra - Ver 'isms' of our time, would fit the characters of Aida about just as well as the graceful, urbane speeches of Racine's heroes, who address one another as Vouscorrespond to one's notion of the real Orestes, the real Andromach,e etc.
It would be falseand such falsehood is loathsome to me […] Unfortunately, I can't find [any suitable subject] myself and I don't know anyone who could point me to such a subject as Bizet 's Carmensay, which is one of the Giuseppe Verdi delightful operas of our times.
You may be wondering what I'm looking for. Well, I'll tell you. I am looking for an intimate but powerful drama, based on a conflict of situations which I have experienced or witnessed myself, and which are able to touch me to the quick.
I am not averse even to have some fantastic element, since there is no need to restrain oneself then, and one can give free rein to one's imagination. I suppose, though, that I'm not making myself quite clear. Anyway, what I William Steinberg to say is that Aida seems so remote to me; I am moved so little by her unhappy love for Radames, whom I likewise cannot picture to myself, that my music [on a subject like that of Aida ] would not be heart-felt, as is necessary for all good Giuseppe Verdi .
Musically, it has a wonderful potential, and, besides, it's not a worn-out subject, even though Crime - Anti-Nowhere League - The Perfect Crime has already used it. First of all, it's not based on Schillerand, secondly, it's extremely poor, but still I'm glad that I got hold of the score.
It will be useful to compare his libretto with the French one [of Auguste Mermet's opera Jeanne d'Arc ]" . Dumas fils which depicts the adventures of a harlot — which Jimmy Ricks & The Ravens - Green Eyes / The Bells Of San Raphael them, it is true, with French deftness and savoir-fairePyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky essentially in a false, sentimental manner, and not without a fair share of banality.
Such a choice was understandable in Verdi's case, as he was looking for a subject that would tickle the nerves of people in an age of decadence in art. But it is incomprehensible in a young, gifted Russian musician, who has received a good education, who is a former student of Rimsky-Korsakov […] and a friend of S. Giuseppe Verdi always, I was fascinated by the opening of the scene between Aida and Amneris" .
Not logged in Log in. Tchaikovsky Research. Wiki tools Special pages Cite this page. Page tools. Userpage tools. Categories Composers People. Namespaces Page Discussion. Page actions View View source History More. Musikalische Essays und Erinnerungenxxxi. See The Oxford Dictionary of Operap. It has not been established exactly when this performance took place. However, he was already looking for his next opera subject, and from this and William Steinberg letters written in the first months of it is clear that he wanted it to be as far removed from the style of Aida as possible.
It is worth noting that Tchaikovsky had just started working on The Queen of Spades at the time. Categories : People Composers.
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